In advance of its AGM in the Faroe Islands next week, the global trade association for shipowners, the International Chamber of Shipping (ICS), has launched its Annual Review 2019, providing in-depth insight into the most pressing issues confronting shipping, which moves about 90% of global trade.
ICS Chairman, Esben Poulsson, explains: “The immediate focus of ICS is the successful implementation of the UN IMO global sulphur cap, which will take complete effect on 1 January. ICS has produced comprehensive advice to help shipowners prepare and achieved notable success in persuading IMO to adopt appropriate guidelines for its Member States.
“These initiatives should go at least some way towards reducing the risk that shipowners, through no fault of their own, could be unfairly penalised by Port State Control authorities in the event that safe and compliant low sulphur fuels are initially unavailable in every port worldwide.
“There are still many questions that will not be fully settled before 2020, not least what the cost of compliant fuels will be, but hopefully this enormous regulatory change will proceed as smoothly as possible.”
Mr Poulsson adds: “ICS is acutely aware of the urgent need for international shipping to eliminate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions as soon as practicable, through a combination of short and longer term measures. The sector has already made impressive CO2 reductions since 2008, something for which the shipping industry is given insufficient credit. But now the industry must redouble its efforts to deliver further dramatic improvements in fuel efficiency, as demanded by governments and society at large.
“ICS has been leading the way in coming forward with constructive proposals for GHG reduction at IMO and will continue to do so throughout 2019. The transition to zero CO2 emitting fuels – which we have dubbed the ‘Fourth Propulsion Revolution’ – is the challenge of our age, and one that I know the industry will embrace.
“This will require truly massive investment in research and development, which ICS believes must be at the heart of the IMO GHG Strategy if the ambitious reduction targets that IMO Member States have set are to be met.”
The Annual Review 2019 also sets out how ICS is calling for a comprehensive review of the IMO STCW Convention governing seafarers’ training standards, and how this initiative is already gaining traction with governments. It also examines progress on a range of other important legal and policy issues at many different international fora, including high level negotiations on a new UN Law of the Sea agreement for the protection of marine biodiversity which could have significant consequences for the future regulation of shipping.
Among the many other issues covered are the threats of a global trade war, the unacceptable spike in the number of violent pirate attacks off West Africa, and the continuing tragedy in the Mediterranean, where thousands of migrants continue to drown, despite merchant ships having rescued over 80,000 people since the crisis began.
Because of hardening attitudes toward immigration in Europe, Mr Poulsson remarks that “there are increasing questions as to whether ships involved in large scale rescue operations can be confident that prompt and predictable disembarkation of rescued people will continue.”
The ICS Annual Review 2019 is being distributed via ICS’s member national shipowners’ associations. It is available free of charge and can also be downloaded via the ICS website.
The ICS AGM will be hosted by Shipowners of the Faroe Islands from 11-13 June.
Guidance to Shipping Companies and Crews on Preparing for Compliance with the 2020 ‘Global Sulphur Cap’ can also be accessed free of charge via the ICS website.
A graph demonstrating the reduction of international shipping’s CO2 emissions since 2008, despite a significant increase in maritime trade, is shown below.